Gynecology refers to the surgical specialty dealing with health of the female reproductive system (uterus, vagina and ovaries).
A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure where the uterus is removed through an incision in the abdomen. As part of the hysterectomy, the fallopian tubes and cervix may also be removed. A total hysterectomy is removal of the entire uterus and the cervix. A radical hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, the tissue on both sides of the cervix (parametrium), and the upper part of the vagina. A hysterectomy may be done through an abdominal incision (abdominal hysterectomy), a vaginal incision (vaginal hysterectomy), or through laparoscopic incisions (small incisions on the abdomen -- laparoscopic hysterectomy).
Ovary Removal Surgery (Oophorectomy)
Ovary removal surgery (also known as oophorectomy or ovariectomy), is the surgical removal of one or both ovaries. The surgery is performed to remove ovaries affected by cancer, to remove the source of estrogen that may stimulate some cancers, to remove large ovarian cysts, and to treat endometriosis. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia and can be performed either open or laparoscopic.
Tubal Ligation is a surgery where a woman's fallopian tubes are cut and sealed. It is commonly known as "tying the tubes." Tubal ligation permanently sterilizes a woman by preventing a egg from traveling from the ovary down to the uterus so that the male sperm cannot make contact with the egg. If the sperm and the egg cannot make contact, fertilization cannot take place and pregnancy cannot occur.
Surgeries for female stress incontinence help control involuntary leakage of urine by supporting the structure of the urethra and bladder.
NovaSure Ablation is a minimally invasive procedure that controls heavy bleeding by using energy to remove the lining of the uterus without the side effects of hormones or the risks of hysterectomy.
Anterior and Posterior Vaginal Wall Repair
Anterior/Posterior vaginal wall repair is a surgical procedure that tightens the front vaginal wall to repair the sinking of the bladder into the vagina (cystocele) or the sinking of the urethra into the vagina (urethrocele).