Podiatry is a branch of medicine devoted to the study, diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the foot, ankle and lower leg. Podiatrists treat a variety of conditions, from general ankle and foot medical care to the comprehensive treatment and reconstructive surgery of complex deformities.
A bunion is a painful deformity of the bones and joint where the big toe meets the foot. Surgical removal of a bunion is usually done under general anesthesia and without a hospital stay. An incision is made along the bones of the big toe and the deformed joint and bones are repaired. A bone or joint may be removed and implants may be used.
Hammer toe is a deformity of the toe, in which the end of the toe is bent downward. Severe hammer toe requires an operation to straighten the joint. The surgery may involve cutting or moving tendons, or fusing the joints of the toe together.
Plantar fasciitis is irritation and swelling of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. In a few patients, non-surgical treatment fails and surgery to release the tight, inflamed fascia becomes necessary.