Orthopedic surgery is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and non-surgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital conditions.
Procedures include (but are not limited to):
Total Joint Replacement (Arthroplasty)
Joint replacement is a surgical procedure in which all or part of the knee, shoulder or hip joint is replaced by a prosthetic implant. Such joint replacement surgery generally is conducted to relieve pain and restore joint mobility.
Knee Repair Surgery (Arthroscopic ACL Meniscal Repair)
Knee repair surgery (also known as ACL meniscal repair) is a surgical procedure performed to repair torn ligaments and torn meniscus cartilage in the knee. The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is a ligament that crosses from the underside of the lower thigh bone to the upper end of the shin bone, including the kneecap. Injuries to this area are quite common as the result of sports activity. This surgery is often used to repair the area, allowing for normal range of motion and stability in the knee. ACL meniscal repairs are typically performed using arthroscopic surgery where the physician uses a camera or arthroscope inserted in small incisions in the joint. The physician is able to insert instruments through the incisions to make repairs. An orthopedic surgeon usually performs this type of surgery.
Shoulder surgery involves the repair or reconstruction of bones, tendons or muscles that help the shoulder rotate smoothly and properly. Shoulder surgery is usually performed to restore movement, stability, function and comfort following an injury. Depending on the extent of damage, repairing the shoulder could involve pins, plates, wires, a bone graft or an artificial joint implant. An orthopedic surgeon usually performs this type of surgery as either open surgery (larger incision to expose the joint) or arthroscopic surgery (where the physician uses a camera or arthroscope inserted in small incisions in the joint).
Bone Fracture Repair
Bone fracture repair is surgery to fix a broken bone using plates, nails, screws, or pins. Bone grafts may be used to allow for proper healing or to speed the healing process.
Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery
Carpal tunnel release is a surgery performed by an orthopedic and/or hand surgeon to relieve hand and wrist pain caused by the compression of the medial nerve at the wrist. The medial nerve and the tendons are located in one wall of the carpal tunnel. The other wall holds the bones of the wrist. Most conditions are caused by wrist fracture, rheumatoid arthritis, or overuse of the wrist. The surgery is usually performed on an outpatient basis using either local or general anesthesia. The surgery can be performed using an endoscope or through open surgery.